July 4, Kraków Archcathedral Basilica

July 4
In the Archdiocese of Kraków
The DEDICATION of the ARCHCATHEDRAL BASILICA in KRAKÓW
Feast
In the Archcathedral Basilica – Solemnity

Common of Dedication of a Church.

[PDF Version]

OFFICE OF READINGS

SECOND READING

From the work by Jan Długosz Liber beneficiorum
The witness to the history of the nation

By the grace of the Most High Lord, the Wawel Cathedral, following only the Gniezno one, is the most important and most renowned among Polish churches. We proclaim its glory, for the Divine Providence distinguished it in a special way and adorned it with gifts and privileges. It surpasses the magnificence of any other temple, as it is located within the castle of the famous city of Kraków – the head burg and the centre of the Kingdom of Poland. It holds the first position among its cities and castles as the splendid capital of the country and the nation.

Here the royal throne is found, here the crown and royal insignia are found, and here the royal documents and riches are housed. Here coronations and anointments of the chosen ones are held, here the bodies of kings rest whose births and childhood years were witnessed by its walls. The temple is adorned with St Stanislaus’s body, Kraków Bishop and martyr, who was killed for the faith and freedom of the Church; as well as the body of St Florian, martyr, and the relics of many other saints.

The Wawel Cathedral was erected and furnished by Prince Mieszko I at the request of his wife – Dąbrówka. Its dedication to her uncle, St Wenceslaus, Martyr, took place in 966. In the course of centuries, it gained an equal patron in the person of St Stanislaus, Bishop. The initial church of stone was small and got destroyed. It was expanded by Boleslaus Wrymouth and consecrated by the Bishop of Kraków, Robert, in 1143. This temple was burnt down. Its reconstruction was undertaken by Bishop Nanker in 1320. The initial shape of the church was abandoned in favour of the cross form. The edifice itself, made of stone and brick, was as spacious as the space allowed. The construction was finished by Nanker’s successors and dedicated on a Thursday after the Passover of 1364 by the venerable Jaroslav, by the grace of God Archbishop of Gniezno.[1]

RESPONSORY Psalm 84:2-3; 5

How lovely is your dwelling place, Lord, God of hosts!
My soul is longing and yearning for the courts of the Lord.

They are happy, who dwell in your house, Lord, for ever singing your praise.
My soul is longing and yearning for the courts of the Lord.

[1] Translated by DChojnacki (2014).

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