Monthly Archives: October 2014

November 16, Wrocław Archcathedral

November 16
In the Archdiocese of Wrocław
The DEDICATION of the ARCHCATHEDRAL in WROCŁAW
Feast
In the Archcathedral – Solemnity

The Diocese of Wrocław was created in 1000 during the reign of Boleslaus the Brave and was the suffragan of the Province of Gniezno. Its first cathedral was the wooden church by the Oder River which got destroyed during the times of the return of paganism after the Boleslaus’s death. In the middle of the 12th century Bishop Walter began building the new cathedral. It was the stone temple modelled after the ancient Roman basilicas. The foundations of the third, Gothic church were laid by Bishop Tomasz I, and its consecration was performed by Bishop Tomasz II. Further works were carried out by Bishop Nankier. This God’s house was destroyed at the end of World War II. The renovated temple was consecrated by Stefan Wyszyński, Primate of Poland, in 1951.

Common of the Dedication of a Church.

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November 16, Opole Cathedral

November 16
In the Diocese of Opole
The DEDICATION of the CATHEDRAL in OPOLE
Feast
In the Cathedral – Solemnity

The cathedral was erected in the stead of the previous wooden church of the Holy Cross. It was built thanks to Tomasz I, Bishop of Wrocław and Bolesław, Prince of Opole, in the 13th century. In the following centuries it was rebuilt and expanded. Since 1702 a benevolent image of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Our Lady of Opole, has been venerated there. After the establishment of the Diocese of Opole in 1972, it became the cathedral of the new diocese.

Common of the Dedication of a Church.

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November 16, Our Lady of Ostra Brama, Mother of Mercy (Najświętszej Maryi Panny Ostrobramskiej, Matki Miłosierdzia)

November 16
OUR LADY of OSTRA BRAMA,
MOTHER of MERCY
In the Archdiocese of Białystok:
Primary patron saint of the archdiocese – Solemnity
In the Archdiocese of Warmia and the Dioceses of Drohiczyn, Ełk and Łomża – Feast
In the Archdiocese of Warszawa and the Diocese of Warszawa-Praga – Obligatory memorial

An image of the Blessed Virgin Mary has been venerated in the Ostra Brama n Vilnius since the 16th century. When the original picture had got damaged, it was replaced with a new one which soon became known for its graces and was crowned in 1927. Its copy has been revered in the Białystok Cathedral.

Common of the Blessed Virgin Mary, except:

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November 14, Bl Mary Louise (Maria Luiza) Merkert

November 14
In the Diocese of Opole
BLESSED MARY LOUISE MERKERT, VIRGIN
Obligatory memorial
In the Archdioceses of Katowice and Wrocław – Optional memorial

Mary Louise (Maria Luiza) was born on 21 September 1817 in Nysa in the Opole Silesia region. In 1842 along with three inhabitants of Nysa, she founded the Congregation, whose main aim was to care for the sick and deserted in their own houses. She was known for her love for God and neighbours, great mercy toward the sick, poor, deserted and orphaned, in whom she saw the face of Christ. She focused her internal life on the prayer and devotion to the Eucharist, the Sacred Heart, Virgin Mary and Saint Elizabeth of Hungary, whom she chose as a patron saint the Congregation. She sensibly and fairly guided the Congregation of the Sisters of Saint Elizabeth for 22 years. Exhausted with toils and illnesses, she died in the odour of sanctity on 14 November 1872.

Common of Virgins.

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November 13, Sts Benedict, John, Matthew, Isaac and Christian (Benedykt, Jan, Mateusz, Izaak i Krystyn)

November 13
SAINTS BENEDICT, JOHN, MATTHEW, ISAAC AND CHRISTIAN,
THE FIRST POLISH MARTYRS
Obligatory memorial
In the Diocese of Zielona Góra-Gorzów:
Patron saints of the diocese – Feast

Benedict and John were Benedictine hermits, who arrived in Poland from Italy at Boleslaus the Brave’s invitation and settled in Międzyrzec, near the mouth of the river Obra flowing into the Warta. There they prepared for their missionary work. Soon three more Polish men joined them – two novices, Matthew and Isaac and a cook, Christian. In the night of 10 and 11 November 1003 the monks were attacked by rogues and murdered. When Saint Bruno of Querfurt appeared in Poland, the cult of Martyrs had been widespread. He described their lives in a work entitled “The Life of Five Brothers.” They became the first Polish martyrs to be raised to the altars of sainthood.

Common of Several Martyrs, except:

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November 12, St Josaphat (Jozafat)

November 12
SAINT JOSAPHAT, BISHOP AND MARTYR
Obligatory memorial

Josaphat (Jozafat) Kuncewicz was born in Włodzimierz Wołyński about 1580 of Orthodox parents. He converted to the Catholic faith and entered the Basilian Order. With time, he became a priest and Archbishop of Połock. He developed a zealous missionary work. He died as a martyr in Witebsk on 12 November 1623.

Common of One Martyr, or of Pastors.

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November 11, St Victoria (Wiktoria)

November 11
In the Diocese of Łowicz
SAINT VICTORIA, VIRGIN AND MARTYR
Primary patron saint of the diocese – Solemnity

Pope Urban VIII donated the relics of Saint Victoria to Primate Henryk Firlej who ceremoniously introduced them to the Łowicz collegiate church in 1625. Saint Victoria of Rome died a martyr most likely in the times of emperor Diocletian, at the end of the 3rd century. Her cult dates back to the 6th century. Since the donation of her relics, Saint Victoria has been venerated in Poland as the patron of the town and the Duchy of Łowicz.

Common of One Martyr, or of Virgins.

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November 8, Płock Cathedral Basilica

November 8
In the Diocese of Płock
The DEDICATION of the CATHEDRAL BASILICA in PŁOCK
Feast
In the Cathedral Basilica – Solemnity

Thanks to the endeavours of the Bishop of Płock, Aleksander, the cathedral church was built on a bank of the Vistula, where previously there had been a small temple erected by Benedictines during the first years of Polish Christianity. The Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary was consecrated in 1144. Throughout centuries it has been renovated several times. The re-consecration was conducted by the Bishop of Płock, Jerzy Szembek, on 8 November 1903, and in 1910 Pope Pius X made it minor basilica. Destroyed in the beginning of World War II, it was renovated and started to serve God again. Inside there are tombs of the princes: Ladislaus Herman and Boleslaus Wrymouth, and since the 12th century it has housed the relics of St Sigismund, King of Burgundy, Martyr, patron of the city.

Common of the Dedication of a Church.

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