November 20, St Raphael (Rafał) Kalinowski

November 20
SAINT RAPHAEL KALINOWSKI, PRESBYTER
Obligatory memorial

Raphael, born Joseph (Józef) Kalinowski in Vilnius in 1835. He was well brought up and educated, eventually becoming an army engineer. After the outbreak of the uprising of 1863, he joined the fight as one of the leaders. Taken captive by Russians, he was sentenced to exile and 10 years of forced labour in Siberia. After Poland had regained independence, he was the teacher of Bl August Czartoryski. In 1877 he entered the Order of Discalced Carmelites and was ordained in 1882. He renewed the life of his order in Poland. He died in Wadowice on 15 November 1907. John Paul II beatified him in 1983, and in 1991 he was declared saint.

Common of Pastors.

[PDF Version]

OFFICE OF READINGS

SECOND READING

From the Dogmatic Constitution on the Church “Lumen gentium” of the Second Vatican Council
(43-44)
The evangelical counsels are a divine gift

The evangelical counsels of chastity dedicated to God, poverty and obedience are based upon the words and examples of the Lord. They were further commanded by the apostles and Fathers of the Church, as well as by the doctors and pastors of souls. The counsels are a divine gift, which the Church received from its Lord and which it always safeguards with the help of His grace. Church authority has the duty, under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, of interpreting these evangelical counsels, of regulating their practice and finally to build on them stable forms of living. Thus it has come about, that, as if on a tree which has grown in the field of the Lord, various forms of solidarity and community life, as well as various religious families have branched out in a marvelous and multiple way from this divinely given seed. Such a multiple and miraculous growth augments both the progress of the members of these various religious families themselves and the welfare of the entire Body of Christ. These religious families give their members the support of a more firm stability in their way of life and a proven doctrine of acquiring perfection. They further offer their members the support of fraternal association in the militia of Christ and of liberty strengthened by obedience. Thus these religious are able to tranquilly fulfill and faithfully observe their religious profession and so spiritually rejoicing make progress on the road of charity.

The faithful of Christ bind themselves to the three aforesaid counsels either by vows, or by other sacred bonds, which are like vows in their purpose. By such a bond, a person is totally dedicated to God, loved beyond all things. In this way, that person is ordained to the honor and service of God under a new and special title. Indeed through Baptism a person dies to sin and is consecrated to God. However, in order that he may be capable of deriving more abundant fruit from this baptismal grace, he intends, by the profession of the evangelical counsels in the Church, to free himself from those obstacles, which might draw him away from the fervor of charity and the perfection of divine worship. By his profession of the evangelical counsels, then, he is more intimately consecrated to divine service. This consecration will be the more perfect, in as much as the indissoluble bond of the union of Christ and His bride, the Church, is represented by firm and more stable bonds.

The evangelical counsels which lead to charity join their followers to the Church and its mystery in a special way. Since this is so, the spiritual life of these people should then be devoted to the welfare of the whole Church. From this arises their duty of working to implant and strengthen the Kingdom of Christ in souls and to extend that Kingdom to every clime. This duty is to be undertaken to the extent of their capacities and in keeping with the proper type of their own vocation. This can be realized through prayer or active works of the apostolate. It is for this reason that the Church preserves and fosters the special character of her various religious institutes.

The profession of the evangelical counsels, then, appears as a sign which can and ought to attract all the members of the Church to an effective and prompt fulfillment of the duties of their Christian vocation. The people of God have no lasting city here below, but look forward to one that is to come. Since this is so, the religious state, whose purpose is to free its members from earthly cares, more fully manifests to all believers the presence of heavenly goods already possessed here below. Furthermore, it not only witnesses to the fact of a new and eternal life acquired by the redemption of Christ, but it foretells the future resurrection and the glory of the heavenly kingdom. Christ proposed to His disciples this form of life, which He, as the Son of God, accepted in entering this world to do the will of the Father. This same state of life is accurately exemplified and perpetually made present in the Church. The religious state clearly manifests that the Kingdom of God and its needs, in a very special way, are raised above all earthly considerations. Finally it clearly shows all men both the unsurpassed breadth of the strength of Christ the King and the infinite power of the Holy Spirit marvelously working in the Church.

RESPONSORY Ephesians 5:8-9; Matthew 5:14; 16

You are light in the Lord. Live as children of light.
 Light produces every kind of goodness and righteousness and truth.

You are the light of the world. Your light must shine before others.
 Light produces every kind of goodness and righteousness and truth.

MORNING PRAYER

CANTICLE OF ZECHARIAH

Ant. The Lord is my inheritance, He is good to the soul that seeks him.

CONCLUDING PRAYER

O God,
you filled Saint Raphael, Presbyter, with the spirit of power in the face of adversity  and great love of the unity of the Church,
grant through his intercession that we, strong in faith and mutual love, may generously cooperate to attain unity of all the faithful in Christ.
Who lives and reigns with you in the unity of the Holy Spirit,
one God, for ever and ever.
Amen.

EVENING PRAYER

CANTICLE OF MARY

Ant. You who have given up everything and followed me will receive a hundred times more, and will inherit eternal life.

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