Category Archives: Bishop

January 19, St Joseph (Józef) Sebastian Pelczar

January 19
SAINT JOSEPH SEBASTIAN PELCZAR, BISHOP
Obligatory memorial
In the Diocese of Rzeszów:
Primary Patron Saint of the Diocese – Solemnity

Joseph Sebastian (Józef Sebastian) Pelczar was born on 17 January 1842 in Korczyna (the Diocese of Przemyśl). Brought up in a religious atmosphere, he entered the seminary and was ordained in 1864. After studying in Rome, he was the prefect of the Seminary of Przemyśl and in 1877-1899 professor of the Jagiellonian University in Kraków. As a priest and professor he was known for an enthusiasm and devotion for the Blessed Sacrament, Heart of God and Blessed Virgin Mary, which he expressed in his service as a pastor and writer. Worried about the immoral conduct of girls, as well as the sick and poor, he founded the Congregation of the Sister Servants of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus in 1894 in Kraków. In 1899 he became auxiliary bishop and in 1900 diocesan bishop of Przemyśl. He died in the odour of sanctity on 28 March 1924, after 25 years of ardent service as a bishop. John Paul II declared him blessed in 1991, and canonised him in Rome on 18 May 2003.

Common of Pastors.

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June 12, Bls Anthony (Antoni) Julian Nowowiejski, Leo (Leon) Wetmański and Companions

June 12
In the Diocese of Płock
BLESSED ANTHONY JULIAN NOWOWIEJSKI, LEO WETMAŃSKI, BISHOPS, and COMPANIONS, MARTYRS
Obligatory memorial

Anthony Julian (Antoni Julian) Nowowiejski (1858-1941), Bishop of Płock, eminent professor of liturgics, historian, organiser of ecclesiastical studies in the recreated Poland, ardent pastor. He was arrested in 1940 with a group of priests of Płock, and then placed in the concentration camp in Działdowo. The guards put the 83-year-old hierarch through especially perfidious humiliation. He was tortured because he had refused to tread on his pectoral cross that the members of the SS had thrown into mud. While being tortured, he discreetly blessed his companions, encouraging them to accept all as God’s will. He died on 28 May 1941 in the camp as a result of continual and sophisticated maltreatment.

Leo (Leon) Wetmański (1886-1941), auxiliary Bishop of Płock, ardent pastor, man of profound faith, devoted to those in need. He got arrested with Abp Nowowiejski and then put in the concentration camp in Działdowo, where he died of tortures and illness. He was a living example for priests of how to accept suffering and death in the spirit of love for God and the Church. In his will from 14 April 1932 he wrote, “Were you, O merciful and good God, to give me the grace they call a martyr’s death, accept it mainly for my sins and the sins of those that would cause it so that they too may love you with all their heart, O good and merciful God.”

Common of Several Martyrs.

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June 12, Bls Ladislaus (Władysław) Goral, Casimir (Kazimierz) Gostyński and Companions

June 12
In the Archdiocese of Lublin
BLESSED LADISLAUS GORAL, BISHOP, CASIMIR GOSTYŃSKI, ANTHONY ZAWISTOWSKI, STANISLAUS MYSAKOWSKI, PRESBYTERS, and COMPANIONS, MARTYRS
Obligatory memorial

Ladislaus (Władysław) Goral (1898-1945), auxiliary bishop of the Diocese of Lublin. He was arrested by the Gestapo as soon as November 1939 and sentenced to death. After the intervention of the Holy See, the sentence was mitigated to life. In the concentration camp in Sachsenhausen he was kept in a bunker. He died of exhaustion just before the liberation in April 1945.

Casimir (Kazimierz) Gostyński (1884-1942), exceptionally zealous pastor, teacher, carer of scouts. He got arrested for pastoral activities in January 1940 and taken off to the concentration camp in Sachsenhausen and then to Dachau. He would say, “Since Christ suffered, we too, imitating Him, should accept suffering.” Ruined by hunger, forced to superhuman labour and tortures, he was sent to the invalid block, from where he was taken to die in a gas chamber on 6 May 1942.

Anthony (Antoni) Zawistowski (1882-1941), professor of theology in the Lublin Seminary, ardent pastor, valued confessor and preacher. Having been arrested in November 1939, he was put in the concentration camp in Dachau. Although he himself suffered a lot, he attempted to bring help to his inmates. During his homilies in the camp he told the priests, “We are here because of our faith, the Church and homeland. For these we consciously lay down our lives.” He died in Dachau on 4 June 1942 of exhaustion and continual maltreatment of the guards.

Stanislaus (Stanisław) Mysakowski (1896-1942), catechist from Lublin, devoted to self-sacrificing works of mercy among the poor, old and handicapped. Arrested in November 1939, together with a group of Lublin priests, he was soon sentenced to death and carried off to Sachsenhausen and then Dachau. He was often tortured with extreme cruelty. On 14 October 1942 he was taken out of the camp in a so-called invalid transport to be gassed. He was said to be “one of the few in the camp who with their spiritual power would save the inmates from total humiliation and degradation of humanness.”

Common of Several Martyrs.

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June 12, Bl Louis (Ludwik) Roch Gietyngier, Maximilian (Maksymilian) Binkiewicz and Companions

June 12
In the Archdiocese of Częstochowa
BLESSED LOUIS ROCH GIETYNGIER, MAXIMILIAN BINKIEWICZ, PRESBYTERS, and COMPANIONS, MARTYRS
Optional memorial

Louis (Ludwik) Roch Gietyngier was born in Żarki in 1904. Ordained in Częstochowa in 1927, he performed various functions: lecturer, vicar, prefect, chaplain, headteacher of a school and eventually parish priest. He was a model priest full of God’s Spirit. He was arrested on 6 October 1941 by the German police and transported to Wieluń and then to the camp in Konstantynów near Łódź. After a few weeks, he was taken to the camp in Dachau where he was killed by a camp guard on 30 November 1941.

Maximilian Binkiewicz was born in Żarnowiec in 1908. He was ordained in Częstochowa in 1931. He worked mainly among the young and teachers in Kraków, Sosnowiec and Wieluń, and as a parish priest in Konopnica. He was a man of prayer and great apostolic zeal. He was arrested by the German police in October 1941 and placed in the camp in Konstantynów near Łódź, and then in Dachau. Despite the cruel treatment, he exemplified patience, taking care of the inmates and the old. Beaten by a guard, he died on 24 June 1942.

Common of Several Martyrs.

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June 12, Bl Anthony Julian (Antoni Julian) Nowowiejski and Companions

June 12
BLESSED ANTHONY JULIAN NOWOWIEJSKI, BISHOP, and COMPANIONS, MARTYRS
Optional memorial
In the Diocese of Toruń – Obligatory memorial

Abp Anthony Julian Nowowiejski, Bishop of Płock, eminent professor of liturgics, historian, organiser of ecclesiastical studies in the recreated Poland, ardent pastor. He was arrested in 1940 with a group of priests of Płock, and then placed in a concentration camp in Działdowo. He died on 28 May 1941 in the camp as a result of continual and sophisticated maltreatment.

Among the 108 martyrs of the Church of Poland from the II World War, there are 3 bishops, 52 diocesan priests, 26 religious priests, 3 seminarians, 7 lay brothers, 8 nuns and 9 laypeople. They bore heroic witness to God’s faithfulness during the times of religious persecution of the Nazi atheism, uniting the sacrifices of their lives with the Saviour’s sacrifice.

Common of Several Martyrs.

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November 12, St Josaphat (Jozafat)

November 12
SAINT JOSAPHAT, BISHOP AND MARTYR
Obligatory memorial

Josaphat (Jozafat) Kuncewicz was born in Włodzimierz Wołyński about 1580 of Orthodox parents. He converted to the Catholic faith and entered the Basilian Order. With time, he became a priest and Archbishop of Połock. He developed a zealous missionary work. He died as a martyr in Witebsk on 12 November 1623.

Common of One Martyr, or of Pastors.

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October 25, The Translation of St Adalbert’s Relics (Przeniesienie Relikwii św. Wojciecha)

October 25
In the Archdiocese of Gniezno
The TRANSLATION of ST ADALBERT’S RELICS
Obligatory memorial

The memorial of the Translation of St Adalbert’s (the first patron of Poland) Relics was reintroduced in 2000. It was initially established as early as the 12th century. It commemorates the translation of the relics from the saint’s tomb to the altar of the archcathedral in Gniezno.
Respective texts from 23 April, except:

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October 23, St Joseph (Józef) Bilczewski

October 23
SAINT JOSEPH BILCZEWSKI, BISHOP
Optional memorial

Joseph (Józef) Bilczewski was born in 1860 in Wilamowice, near Bielsko-Biała. He was ordained in 1884. After graduating in Kraków, Vienna, Rome and Paris, he worked as a teacher in Kęty and Kraków. In 1891 he became a professor of dogmatic theology at the Lviv University, and in 1900 an ordinary of the Archdiocese of Lviv. He obtained the allowance from Pope Pius X for celebrating the feast of the Queen of Poland in his archdiocese, which was later expended over other dioceses. He published books and articles as a social activist. He toned down national conflicts in the archdiocese. He died in 1923 in Lviv.

Common of Pastors.

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October 21, Bl James Strepa (Jakub Strzemię)

October 21
BLESSED JAMES STREPA, BISHOP
Obligatory memorial

James (Jakub) was born about 1340. At a young age, he entered the Order of Franciscans and became known as a zealous missionary of Eastern Borderlands. In 1391 he became Archbishop of Halicz-Lviv. He had a special devotion to the Blessed Sacrament and the Blessed Virgin. He died on 20 October 1409.

Common of Pastors.

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October 14, Bl Radim Gaudentius (Radzim Gaudenty)

October 14
BLESSED RADIM GAUDENTIUS, BISHOP
In the Archdiocese of Gniezno – Obligatory memorial

Gaudentius (Gaudenty), Saint Adalbert’s half-brother, was born about 960. He had led a monastic life in the Benedictine Abbey on the Aventine Hill in Rome. He accompanied Saint Adalbert on his mission in Prussia and witnessed his martyr’s death. In the autumn of 999 he was anointed bishop and in 1000 he assumed the Gniezno Bishopric. He died in the beginnings of the 11th century.

Common of Pastors.

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