Category Archives: Patron of Poland

June 8, St Hedwig of Poland (Jadwiga Królowa)

June 8
Obligatory memorial

Hedwig was born in 1374 as a daughter of the King of Hungary and Poland – Louis. She inherited the throne of Poland form her father and in 1384 was crowned. She married the Great Duke of Lithuania – Władysław Jagiełło and contributed the Christianisation of the country. She also facilitated the creation of the Faculty of Theology in Kraków and the subsequent renewal of the University. Throughout her life, she was known for her generosity. She died in Kraków on 17 July 1399.

Common of Holy Women.

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November 12, St Josaphat (Jozafat)

November 12
Obligatory memorial

Josaphat (Jozafat) Kuncewicz was born in Włodzimierz Wołyński about 1580 of Orthodox parents. He converted to the Catholic faith and entered the Basilian Order. With time, he became a priest and Archbishop of Połock. He developed a zealous missionary work. He died as a martyr in Witebsk on 12 November 1623.

Common of One Martyr, or of Pastors.

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October 25, The Translation of St Adalbert’s Relics (Przeniesienie Relikwii św. Wojciecha)

October 25
In the Archdiocese of Gniezno
Obligatory memorial

The memorial of the Translation of St Adalbert’s (the first patron of Poland) Relics was reintroduced in 2000. It was initially established as early as the 12th century. It commemorates the translation of the relics from the saint’s tomb to the altar of the archcathedral in Gniezno.
Respective texts from 23 April, except:

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October 20, St John Cantius (Jan Kanty or Jan z Kęt)

October 20
Obligatory memorial
In the Archdiocese of Kraków:
Primary patron saint of the archdiocese – Solemnity

John (Jan) was born in Kęty in 1390. He studied at the Jagiellonian University in Kraków, finally becoming its professor of theology. He was known for his mercy for the poor. He died in Kraków on 24 December 1473.

Common of Pastors, except:

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October 16, St Hedwig of Silesia (Jadwiga Śląska)

October 16
Obligatory memorial
In the Metropolitan Archdioceses of Upper-Silesia and Wrocław:
Major patron saint of Silesia and the Archdiocese of Wrocław – Solemnity

Hedwig (Jadwiga) was born in Bavaria about 1174. At 13, she married Prince Henry the Bearded, with whom she later had seven children. She served the poor and sick, for whom she founded hospitals. After her husband’s death she took shelter in the convent in Trzebnica, where she died on 15 October 1243.

Common of Holy Women Who Worked for the Underprivileged, except:

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September 25, Bl Ladislaus of Gielniów (Władysław z Gielniowa)

September 25
Obligatory memorial

Ladislaus (Władysław) was born in Gielniów near Opoczno about 1440. He was educated in the Kraków Academy. In the Order of Bernardines, which he had joined, he became known as an extraordinary preacher and creator of religious songs in Polish. He was famous for his great sanctity and special devotion to the Lord’s Passion that he preached about. He was a provincial superior twice. He spent the last years of his life as a guardian in Warsaw. He died in 1505. Pope John XXIII made him patron of Warsaw.

Common of Pastors, or of Religious, except:

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September 18, St Stanislaus (Stanisław) Kostka

September 18
Patron Saint of Poland
and the Archdiocese of Warszawa and the Diocese of Płock

Stanislaus was born in Rostkowo in Masovia at the end of December 1550. Brought up in a religious household, he was known for deep piety. Together with his brother he was sent to Jesuit schools in Vienna. Miraculously healed of a serious disease by the Blessed Mother, he decided to join the Society of Jesus. To do so, he left Vienna in secret in 1567 and across Dillingen he went to Rome, where he was accepted as a novice by Saint Francis Borgia. He died in Rome at the night of 14-15 August 1568 in the odour of sanctity. He was canonised by Pope Benedict XIII in 1726.

Common of Religious, except:

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September 1, Bl Bronislava (Bronisława)

September 1
Obligatory memorial

Bronislava, related to Saint Hyacinth and Blessed Ceslaus, was born about 1200. As a young woman she entered the Convent of Norbertines in Zwierzyniec, near Kraków. She was known for her zeal in monastic life. She most likely died in 1259.

Common of Virgins.

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August 26, Our Lady of Częstochowa (Najświętszej Maryi Panny Częstochowskiej)

August 26

Ladislaus, a prince of Opole, built a Pauline monastery on Jasna Góra and entrusted them with an image of Virgin Mary, venerated in his castle. Soon the image became famous for miracles. Its eminence increased after the defence of Jasna Góra against Swedes. In 1717 the image was ceremoniously crowned and Jasna Góra became the main centre of Marian cult in Poland.

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July 24, St Cunegunda (Kinga)

July 24
Obligatory memorial

Cunegunda was born in 1234 as a daughter of the Hungarian King – Béla IV. She was St Margaret of Hungary and Bl Yolanda’s sister, and Boleslaus the Chaste’s wife. They took up the vow of chastity. She shared the ups and downs of a long and difficult reign, serving as a mother of all the poor and afflicted. After her husband’s death she entered the Order of the Poor Clares that she herself had founded in Stary Sącz. She combined the spirit of austere penance with internal Franciscan happiness attained with suffering and the difficulty of life. She died in Stary Sącz on 24 July 1292. Her cult began immediately after her death. She was canonised by Pope John Paul II in 1999.

Common of Holy Women.

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