Tag Archives: 13th century

August 17, St Hyacinth (Jacek)

August 17
SAINT HYACINTH, PRESBYTER
Obligatory memorial
In the Province of Upper Silesia: Primary patron saint of the province – Solemnity
In the Archdiocese of Kraków: Patron saint of the archdiocese – Feast

Hyacinth (Jacek) was born in Kamień in Silesia at the end of the 17th century. Having studied in Paris and Bologna, he became priest and canon in Kraków. Accompanying bishop Ivo on his journey to Rome, he met St Dominic and was invested by him together with Bl Ceslaus. Upon returning to Kraków, he founded there the first Dominican monastery in Poland. He would embark on a number of missionary journeys to Ruthenia, Prussia and borderlands of Lithuania. Exhausted by this work, he died in Kraków on the Solemnity of the Assumption of Mary in 1257.

Common of Pastors, except:

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November 19, Bl Salomea

November 19
BLESSED SALOMEA, VIRGIN
Obligatory memorial

Salomea, daughter of Leszek the White and sister of Boleslaus the Chaste, was born ca 1212. She married a Hungarian prince Coloman, with whom she live in a mariage blanc. After his death, she returned to Poland and in 1245 she entered the convent of Poor Clares in Zawichost, which was later transferred to Skała near Kraków. She lavishly endowed the convent. She died on 17 November 1268. Her relics are housed in the Franciscan church in Kraków.

Common of Virgins.

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July 20, Bl Ceslaus (Czesław)

July 20
BLESSED CESLAUS, PRESBYTER
Obligatory memorial

Ceslaus (Czesław) was born ca 1180. Being already a priest, he entered the Order of Preachers and was invested with a habit by St Dominic. He proclaimed the Word of God in Bohemia and Poland. He founded monasteries in Prague and Wrocław. He died on 15 July 1242. He is patron saint of the Archdiocese of Wrocław and Diocese of Opole.

Common of Religious.

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November 16, Opole Cathedral

November 16
In the Diocese of Opole
The DEDICATION of the CATHEDRAL in OPOLE
Feast
In the Cathedral – Solemnity

The cathedral was erected in the stead of the previous wooden church of the Holy Cross. It was built thanks to Tomasz I, Bishop of Wrocław and Bolesław, Prince of Opole, in the 13th century. In the following centuries it was rebuilt and expanded. Since 1702 a benevolent image of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Our Lady of Opole, has been venerated there. After the establishment of the Diocese of Opole in 1972, it became the cathedral of the new diocese.

Common of the Dedication of a Church.

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October 16, St Hedwig of Silesia (Jadwiga Śląska)

October 16
SAINT HEDWIG of SILESIA
Obligatory memorial
In the Metropolitan Archdioceses of Upper-Silesia and Wrocław:
Major patron saint of Silesia and the Archdiocese of Wrocław – Solemnity

Hedwig (Jadwiga) was born in Bavaria about 1174. At 13, she married Prince Henry the Bearded, with whom she later had seven children. She served the poor and sick, for whom she founded hospitals. After her husband’s death she took shelter in the convent in Trzebnica, where she died on 15 October 1243.

Common of Holy Women Who Worked for the Underprivileged, except:

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October 9, Bl Vincent (Wincenty) Kadłubek

October 9
BLESSED VINCENT KADŁUBEK, BISHOP
Obligatory memorial
In the Archdiocese of Kraków – Feast

Vincent (Wincenty) was born in Karwów neat Opatów around 1160. He studied in Paris and Bologna. He became a priest of the Diocese of Kraków and, with time, the provost of the Sandomierz Collegiate Church and Bishop of Kraków. After ten years’ service, he stepped down from the bishopric and joined the Cistercian Order in Jędrzejów, where he died on 8 march 1223. He was the first Pole to chronicle the history of the nation.

Common of Pastors.

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October 5, Włocławek Cathedral Basilica

October 5
In the Diocese of Włocławek
The DEDICATION of the CATHEDRAL BASILICA  in WŁOCŁAWEK
Feast
In the Cathedral Basilica  – Solemnity

According the tradition, in the beginnings of the 12th century the episcopal see was moved from Kruszwica to Włocławek; the present cathedral church in Włocławek is a third in a row. Its foundation stone was laid in the 13th century and the erection was finished in 1411. In the same year it was ceremoniously consecrated and dedicated to the Assumption of Mary. On 22 February 1907 Pope Pius X made it basilica.

Common of the Dedication of a Church.

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October 5, Toruń Cathedral Basilica

October 5
In the Diocese of Toruń
The DEDICATION of the CATHEDRAL BASILICA  in TORUŃ
Feast
In the Cathedral Basilica – Solemnity

The erection of the first parish church commenced after 1236, i.e. after Toruń had been granted town rights. In the years 1310-1330 began the construction of the present Gothic church of Sts John the Baptist and John the Evangelist. It was being extended for the next 200 years, and finally was given its final shape at the end of the 15th century. Throughout centuries it was repeatedly destroyed by wars, fires, disasters and religious devastation, each time rebuilt with the preservation of the original architectural form. In 1473 Nicolaus Copernicus was baptised there by the Gothic font from the second half of the 13th century, and in 1550 the bell called Tuba Dei (one of the biggest bells in Poland) was placed on its tower. In 1935 the church was given the title of minor basilica by the brief of Pope Pius XI, and in 1992 by Pope John Paul II’s bull it was made cathedral.

Common of the Dedication of a Church.

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September 25, Frombork Archcathedral Basilica

September 25
In the Archdiocese of Warmia
The DEDICATION of the ARCHCATHEDRAL BASILICA in FROMBORK
Feast
In the Archcathedral Basilica – Solemnity

The Diocese of Warmia was created by Pope Innocent IV in 1243. Henryk, the second Bishop of Warmia, transferred the bishopric from Braniewo to Frombork and built there the Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The present-day church, built in the Gothic style, was consecrated by Bishop Herman in 1342. The new altar was consecrated by Bishop Adam Grabkowski in 1751. On 25 March 1992 Pope John Paul II set up Archdiocese of Warmia.

Common of the Dedication of a Church.

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September 24, Kalisz Cathedral

September 24
In the Diocese of Kalisz
The DEDICATION of the CATHEDRAL in KALISZ
Feast
In the Cathedral – Solemnity

Pope John Paul II, upon setting up the Diocese of Kalisz on 25 March 1992, elevated St Nicholas Church to the status of cathedral. It is the oldest church of Kalisz, erected between 1253-1257 by Blessed Yolanda and her husband Boleslaus the Pious. Burnt down in 1560 and 1609, it was re-built in 1612 according to the project of Albin Fontana, Italian architect. Its interior was thoroughly renovated at the beginning the existence of the new diocese and it was equipped with a new post-Counciliar altar, consecrated by Stanisław Napierała, Bishop of Kalisz, on 24 September 1997.

Common of the Dedication of a Church.

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