Tag Archives: 20th century

September 4, Bl Guida (Gwidona) Cierpka and Companions

September 4
In the Diocese of Kalisz
BLESSED GUIDA CIERPKA and COMPANIONS, VIRGINS and MARTYRS
Optional memorial

Bl Helen (Helena) Cierpka, name in religion: Maria Guida of the Divine Mercy, was born on 11 April 1900 in Granowiec (the district of Odolanów). On 17 February 1927 she entered the Congregation of the Sisters of the Holy Family of Nazareth. After the novitiate in Grodno, she made simple vows. In 1936 she took solemn vows, receiving the mystery of the Divine Mercy. After her profession she left for Nowogródek. In July 1943, along with her sisters, she voluntarily offered a sacrifice to God, giving up her life for 120 inhabitants of Nowogródek, imprisoned by the Nazi occupant invader. She was executed on 1 August 1943 with 10 sisters. She was beatified by John Paul II in Rome on 5 March 2000.

Common of Several Martyrs.

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September 8, The Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of Beautiful Love (Matki Pięknej Miłości)

September 8
In the Diocese of Bydgoszcz
The NATIVITY of the BLESSED VIRGIN MARY,
MOTHER of BEAUTIFUL LOVE
Primary patron of the diocese – Solemnity

The image of the Madonna with a Rose – Mother of Beautiful Love (1467) has been venerated in the high altar of St Martin and Nicholas Parish Church in Bydgoszcz, built in 1466-1502. The miraculous image has been crowned twice. The first coronation (only of the Madonna) was conducted by Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński, Primate of Poland, on 29 May 1966. He also named the Madonna Mother of Beautiful Love and the name has since caught on. The ceremony was attended by the then Archbishop of Kraków, Cardinal Karol Wojtyła, who 33 years later, on 7 June 1999, arrived in Bydgoszcz as Pope John Paul II. During the Holy Mass on the Bydgoszcz Airport (with 600 thousand believers) he adorned the temples of both the Mother and Son with two new crowns.

Office as on the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

August 31, Bydgoszcz Cathedral

August 31
In the Diocese of Bydgoszcz
The DEDICATION of the CATHEDRAL in BYDGOSZCZ
Feast
In the Cathedral – Solemnity

The Parish Church of Sts Martin and Nicholas in Bydgoszcz, which stood out because of its Gothic architecture, had been built in 1466-1502. Numerous founders adorned it with votive chapels. It was particularly famous for the two venerated and crowned Marian images: Our Lady with a Rose, or Our Lady of Beautiful Love (1467), in the main altar and Our Lady of Mount Carmel (1700) in the altar of the northern nave. In the middle of the 19th century, the parish church was the only open Catholic church in the town. After regaining independence, in 1922-1925 the church was renovated and in 1945-1949 it was rebuilt after war damage. In 1983 the Collegiate Chapter was established and in 1999 – upon the personal request of Pope John Paul II – it was elevated to the status of the co-cathedral of the Archdiocese of Gniezno. On 25 March 2004 the Diocese of Bydgoszcz was set up, and the former parish co-cathedral became cathedral.

Common of the Dedication of a Church.

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January 19, St Joseph (Józef) Sebastian Pelczar

January 19
SAINT JOSEPH SEBASTIAN PELCZAR, BISHOP
Obligatory memorial
In the Diocese of Rzeszów:
Primary Patron Saint of the Diocese – Solemnity

Joseph Sebastian (Józef Sebastian) Pelczar was born on 17 January 1842 in Korczyna (the Diocese of Przemyśl). Brought up in a religious atmosphere, he entered the seminary and was ordained in 1864. After studying in Rome, he was the prefect of the Seminary of Przemyśl and in 1877-1899 professor of the Jagiellonian University in Kraków. As a priest and professor he was known for an enthusiasm and devotion for the Blessed Sacrament, Heart of God and Blessed Virgin Mary, which he expressed in his service as a pastor and writer. Worried about the immoral conduct of girls, as well as the sick and poor, he founded the Congregation of the Sister Servants of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus in 1894 in Kraków. In 1899 he became auxiliary bishop and in 1900 diocesan bishop of Przemyśl. He died in the odour of sanctity on 28 March 1924, after 25 years of ardent service as a bishop. John Paul II declared him blessed in 1991, and canonised him in Rome on 18 May 2003.

Common of Pastors.

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January 10, Drohiczyn Cathedral

January 10
In the Diocese of Drohiczyn
The DEDICATION of the CATHEDRAL in DROHICZYN
Feast
In the Cathedral – Solemnity

At the close of the 17th century, a Baroque church was erected in the place of the one that had burnt down. The consecration of the Holy Trinity church was conducted by the Bishop of Lutsk, Stefan Rupniewski on 10 January 1723. The church was profaned during the Second World War, after which it was renovated and started to serve God anew. After the creation of the Diocese of Drohiczyn, on 5 June 1991, it became the cathedral of the new diocese. John Paul II visited it on 10 June 1999.

Common of the Dedication of a Church.

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January 5, Bl Mary Marcellina (Maria Marcelina) Darowska

January 5
In the Diocese of Łowicz
BLESSED MARY MARCELLINA DAROWSKA, RELIGOUS
Optional memorial

Marcellina Darowska, née Kotowicz, was born on 16 January 1827 in Szulaki (currently in Belarus). In 1857, with Josephine (Józefa) Karska, she co-founded, the Congregation of the Sisters of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, whose aim was to renew family life by means of educating women. In 1863 she moved to Jazłowiec in the Archdiocese of Lviv. She bequeathed the developing congregation a spirituality based on a search for God alone in truth, selflessness and fulfilling God’s will modelled upon the Immaculate Virgin. She provided the educational centres of her sisters with an original system of teaching and educating. She died on 5 January 1911 in Jazłowiec. She was declared blessed by John Paul II in 1996.

Common of Religious.

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November 20, St Raphael (Rafał) Kalinowski

November 20
SAINT RAPHAEL KALINOWSKI, PRESBYTER
Obligatory memorial

Raphael, born Joseph (Józef) Kalinowski in Vilnius in 1835. He was well brought up and educated, eventually becoming an army engineer. After the outbreak of the uprising of 1863, he joined the fight as one of the leaders. Taken captive by Russians, he was sentenced to exile and 10 years of forced labour in Siberia. After Poland had regained independence, he was the teacher of Bl August Czartoryski. In 1877 he entered the Order of Discalced Carmelites and was ordained in 1882. He renewed the life of his order in Poland. He died in Wadowice on 15 November 1907. John Paul II beatified him in 1983, and in 1991 he was declared saint.

Common of Pastors.

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November 18, Zamość Cathedral

November 18
In the Diocese of Zamość-Lubaczów
The DEDICATION of the CATHEDRAL in ZAMOŚĆ
Feast
In the Cathedral – Solemnity

The Church of the Resurrection of the Lord and St Thomas, Apostle, for centuries known as the Collegiate Church, was founded by Hetman Jan Zamoyski († 1605). Its consecration was conducted on 18 November 1637 by the Bishop of Bacău, Jan Chrzciciel Zamoyski, on behalf of the Bishop of Chełm, Remigiusz Koniecpolski. Pope John Paul II created the Diocese of Zamość-Lubaczów on 25 March 1992 and the collegiate church became cathedral.

Common of the Dedication of a Church.

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November 18, Bl Caroline Kózka (Karolina Kózkówna)

November 18
BLESSED CAROLINE KÓZKA, VIRGIN and MARTYR
Obligatory memorial

Carloline Kózka (Karolina Kózkówna) was born in 1898 in a poor family of peasants in the village of Wał-Ruda of the Diocese of Tarnów. Since she was very young, she loved prayer and did her best to make her love of God grow. At the beginning of the I World War, on 18 November 1914, she died as a martyr at the hands of a Russian soldier, defending her chastity. John Paul II beatified her in Tarnów on 10 June 1987.

Common of One Martyr, or of Virgins.

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October 26, Bl Celine (Celina) Borzęcka

October 26
In the Diocese of Bielsko-Żywiec
BLESSED CELINE BORZĘCKA, RELIGIOUS
Optional memorial

Celine (Celina) Borzęcka, née Chludzińska, was born in Antowil (today in Belarus) in 1833. Since she was young, she wished to devote herself to God in religious life. However, obedient to her parents, she married Józef Borzęcki. After his death, together with her two daughters she went to Rome, where she decided on the spiritual guidance of Fr Piotr Semenenko, CR, which was based on the Paschal Mystery. On 6 January 1891 she and her daughter, Hedwig (Jadwiga), made the profession and founded the Congregation of the Sisters of the Resurrection of the Lord. Aspiring to renew the society, she was open to the educational, missionary and ecumenical needs of the Church. She died in Kraków on 26 October 1913.

Common of Religious.

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