Tag Archives: martyr

September 4, Bl Guida (Gwidona) Cierpka and Companions

September 4
In the Diocese of Kalisz
BLESSED GUIDA CIERPKA and COMPANIONS, VIRGINS and MARTYRS
Optional memorial

Bl Helen (Helena) Cierpka, name in religion: Maria Guida of the Divine Mercy, was born on 11 April 1900 in Granowiec (the district of Odolanów). On 17 February 1927 she entered the Congregation of the Sisters of the Holy Family of Nazareth. After the novitiate in Grodno, she made simple vows. In 1936 she took solemn vows, receiving the mystery of the Divine Mercy. After her profession she left for Nowogródek. In July 1943, along with her sisters, she voluntarily offered a sacrifice to God, giving up her life for 120 inhabitants of Nowogródek, imprisoned by the Nazi occupant invader. She was executed on 1 August 1943 with 10 sisters. She was beatified by John Paul II in Rome on 5 March 2000.

Common of Several Martyrs.

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January 23, Bls Vincent (Wincenty) Lewoniuk and Companions, Martyrs of Pratulin

January 23
BLESSED VINCENT LEWONIUK and COMPANIONS, MARTYRS of PRATULIN
Optional memorial
In the Diocese of Siedlce – Obligatory memorial

Blessed Vincent Lewoniuk and 12 Companions were members of the Uniate Church that had been created under the Union of Brest in 1596. They died martyrs’ death on 24 January 1874 at the hands of Russian soldiers, who, on behalf of the tsar, wanted to force them to join the Orthodox Church. The martyrs of Pratulin laid down their lives defending the faith and unity of the Church. Pope John Paul II declared them blessed in Rome on 6 October 1996.

Common of Several Martyrs.

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November 18, Bl Caroline Kózka (Karolina Kózkówna)

November 18
BLESSED CAROLINE KÓZKA, VIRGIN and MARTYR
Obligatory memorial

Carloline Kózka (Karolina Kózkówna) was born in 1898 in a poor family of peasants in the village of Wał-Ruda of the Diocese of Tarnów. Since she was very young, she loved prayer and did her best to make her love of God grow. At the beginning of the I World War, on 18 November 1914, she died as a martyr at the hands of a Russian soldier, defending her chastity. John Paul II beatified her in Tarnów on 10 June 1987.

Common of One Martyr, or of Virgins.

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October 19, Bl George (Jerzy) Popiełuszko

October 19
In the Archdiocese of Warszawa and Dioceses of Legnica, Warszawa-Praga and Military Ordinariate
BLESSED GEORGE POPIEŁUSZKO, PRESBYTER and MARTYR
Optional memorial

George (Jerzy) Popiełuszko was born on 14 September 1947 in the village of Okopy in Podlasie. After having been ordained by Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński on 28 May 1972, he was an ardent pastor of the working class, health service, the poor and persecuted. In 1980-1984 he became known for celebrating “Holy Masses for the fatherland” in St Stanislaus Kostka Church in Żoliborz. In on of the hardest times in the history of Poland (martial law and communism), he embraced all people without exception with his pastoral love, calling on them to reconcile and overcome evil with good. He was murdered on 19 October 1984 for faith and the Church by the officers of the Security Service. Numerous people have visited his tomb since his burial.

Common of One Martyr.

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September 19, Bl Gerhard Hirschfelder

September 19
In the Diocese of Świdnica
BLESSED GERHARD HIRSCHFELDER, PRESBYTER and MARTYR
Optional memorial

Bl Gerhard Hirschfelder was born on 17 February 1907 in Kłodzko (Silesia). On 31 January 1932 he was ordained presbyter of the county of Kłodzko, which then belonged to the Archdiocese of Prague. As a vicar and pastor of young people, due to his uncompromising involvement in the issues of youth, he came into conflict with authorities. He got arrested on the grounds of the sermon in which he said, “Anyone who tears faith out of the hearts of young people is a criminal,” and then deported to the concentration camp in Dachau. He died there on 1 August 1942 because of maltreatment, undernourishment and loss of strength.

Common of One Martyr.

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September 7, St Melchior Grodziecki

September 7
SAINT MELCHIOR GRODZIECKI, PRESBYTER AND MARTYR
Optional memorial
In the Diocese of Bielsko-Żywiec – Obligatory memorial

Melchior was born in Cieszyn in 1582. He entered the Society of Jesus and as a priest of this order, he worked in Prague and Košice. In Košice he cooperated with István Pongrácz, a Jesuit from Hungary, and Marko Krizin, a canon from Croatia. George I Rákóczi, having conquered Košice, imprisoned these priests and had them tortured and murdered on 7 September 1619.

Common of One Martyr.

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June 12, Bl Roman Sitko and Companions

June 12
In the Diocese of Tarnów
BLESSED ROMAN SITKO, PRESBYTER, and COMPANIONS, MARTYRS
Obligatory memorial

Roman Sitko (1880-1942), rector of the Seminary in Tarnów, zealous pastor and teacher of alumni. Regardless of the occupant’s prohibition and risk of death, he secretly continued the formation of clerics, for which he got deported to the extermination camp. He died in Auschwitz on 17 October 1942.

Common of Several Martyrs.

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June 12, Bl Ladislaus (Władysław) Błądziński and Companions

June 12
In the Diocese of Świdnica
BLESSED LADISLAUS BŁĄDZIŃSKI, PRESBYTER, and COMPANIONS, MARTYRS
Obligatory memorial

Ladislaus (Władysław) Błądziński (1908-1944) was born on 6 July in Myślatycze (now in Ukraine). On 1 August 1924 he entered the Congregation of St Michael the Archangel, where he made his profession on 12 December 1938. Having graduated from the Seminary in Przemyśl, he was ordained on 26 June 1938. He dedicated his life to educating poor youngsters in the spirit of “restraint and work.” He got arrested on 24 April 1944 and put in the Montelupich prison in Kraków. He did not sign the testimony that pinned the blame for secret teaching on his superior. He took the responsibility upon himself, which resulted in the conviction. In August 1944 he was deported to one of the hardest concentration camps in Gross-Rosen. He died probably on 8 May 1944. According to the witnesses, he would always be calm, full of trust in God and Virgin Mary.

Common of Several Martyrs.

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June 12, Bl Anthony (Antoni) Rewera and Companions

June 12
In the Diocese of Sandomierz
BLESSED ANTHONY REWERA, PRESBYTER, and COMPANIONS, MARTYRS
Optional memorial

Anthony (Antoni) Rewera (1869-1941) was born in Samborzec in the Sandomierz district. He was professor of the Seminary in Sandomierz and founder of the Congregation of Sisters Daughters of St Francis Seraph. According to witnesses (Fr W. Granat) his most distinctive features were humility, sincerity and exceptional goodness that he possessed in a heroic degree, making him a candidate for beatification. Arrested in March 1942, he was put in the concentration camp in Dachau, where he passed away due to maltreatment and inhuman conditions a few months later, on 1 October 1942. In these extreme and difficult conditions he was able to agree with God’s will, paying attention to the redemptive value of sufferings.

Common of Several Martyrs.

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June 12, Bls Anthony (Antoni) Julian Nowowiejski, Leo (Leon) Wetmański and Companions

June 12
In the Diocese of Płock
BLESSED ANTHONY JULIAN NOWOWIEJSKI, LEO WETMAŃSKI, BISHOPS, and COMPANIONS, MARTYRS
Obligatory memorial

Anthony Julian (Antoni Julian) Nowowiejski (1858-1941), Bishop of Płock, eminent professor of liturgics, historian, organiser of ecclesiastical studies in the recreated Poland, ardent pastor. He was arrested in 1940 with a group of priests of Płock, and then placed in the concentration camp in Działdowo. The guards put the 83-year-old hierarch through especially perfidious humiliation. He was tortured because he had refused to tread on his pectoral cross that the members of the SS had thrown into mud. While being tortured, he discreetly blessed his companions, encouraging them to accept all as God’s will. He died on 28 May 1941 in the camp as a result of continual and sophisticated maltreatment.

Leo (Leon) Wetmański (1886-1941), auxiliary Bishop of Płock, ardent pastor, man of profound faith, devoted to those in need. He got arrested with Abp Nowowiejski and then put in the concentration camp in Działdowo, where he died of tortures and illness. He was a living example for priests of how to accept suffering and death in the spirit of love for God and the Church. In his will from 14 April 1932 he wrote, “Were you, O merciful and good God, to give me the grace they call a martyr’s death, accept it mainly for my sins and the sins of those that would cause it so that they too may love you with all their heart, O good and merciful God.”

Common of Several Martyrs.

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