Tag Archives: morning prayer

November 16, Our Lady of Ostra Brama, Mother of Mercy (Najświętszej Maryi Panny Ostrobramskiej, Matki Miłosierdzia)

November 16
OUR LADY of OSTRA BRAMA,
MOTHER of MERCY
In the Archdiocese of Białystok:
Primary patron saint of the archdiocese – Solemnity
In the Archdiocese of Warmia and the Dioceses of Drohiczyn, Ełk and Łomża – Feast
In the Archdiocese of Warszawa and the Diocese of Warszawa-Praga – Obligatory memorial

An image of the Blessed Virgin Mary has been venerated in the Ostra Brama n Vilnius since the 16th century. When the original picture had got damaged, it was replaced with a new one which soon became known for its graces and was crowned in 1927. Its copy has been revered in the Białystok Cathedral.

Common of the Blessed Virgin Mary, except:

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November 13, Sts Benedict, John, Matthew, Isaac and Christian (Benedykt, Jan, Mateusz, Izaak i Krystyn)

November 13
SAINTS BENEDICT, JOHN, MATTHEW, ISAAC AND CHRISTIAN,
THE FIRST POLISH MARTYRS
Obligatory memorial
In the Diocese of Zielona Góra-Gorzów:
Patron saints of the diocese – Feast

Benedict and John were Benedictine hermits, who arrived in Poland from Italy at Boleslaus the Brave’s invitation and settled in Międzyrzec, near the mouth of the river Obra flowing into the Warta. There they prepared for their missionary work. Soon three more Polish men joined them – two novices, Matthew and Isaac and a cook, Christian. In the night of 10 and 11 November 1003 the monks were attacked by rogues and murdered. When Saint Bruno of Querfurt appeared in Poland, the cult of Martyrs had been widespread. He described their lives in a work entitled “The Life of Five Brothers.” They became the first Polish martyrs to be raised to the altars of sainthood.

Common of Several Martyrs, except:

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October 20, St John Cantius (Jan Kanty or Jan z Kęt)

October 20
SAINT JOHN CANTIUS, PRESBYTER
Obligatory memorial
In the Archdiocese of Kraków:
Primary patron saint of the archdiocese – Solemnity

John (Jan) was born in Kęty in 1390. He studied at the Jagiellonian University in Kraków, finally becoming its professor of theology. He was known for his mercy for the poor. He died in Kraków on 24 December 1473.

Common of Pastors, except:

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October 16, St Hedwig of Silesia (Jadwiga Śląska)

October 16
SAINT HEDWIG of SILESIA
Obligatory memorial
In the Metropolitan Archdioceses of Upper-Silesia and Wrocław:
Major patron saint of Silesia and the Archdiocese of Wrocław – Solemnity

Hedwig (Jadwiga) was born in Bavaria about 1174. At 13, she married Prince Henry the Bearded, with whom she later had seven children. She served the poor and sick, for whom she founded hospitals. After her husband’s death she took shelter in the convent in Trzebnica, where she died on 15 October 1243.

Common of Holy Women Who Worked for the Underprivileged, except:

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September 18, St Stanislaus (Stanisław) Kostka

September 18
SAINT STANISLAUS KOSTKA, RELIGIOUS
Patron Saint of Poland
and the Archdiocese of Warszawa and the Diocese of Płock
Feast

Stanislaus was born in Rostkowo in Masovia at the end of December 1550. Brought up in a religious household, he was known for deep piety. Together with his brother he was sent to Jesuit schools in Vienna. Miraculously healed of a serious disease by the Blessed Mother, he decided to join the Society of Jesus. To do so, he left Vienna in secret in 1567 and across Dillingen he went to Rome, where he was accepted as a novice by Saint Francis Borgia. He died in Rome at the night of 14-15 August 1568 in the odour of sanctity. He was canonised by Pope Benedict XIII in 1726.

Common of Religious, except:

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September 12, Our Lady of Piekary (Najświętszej Maryi Panny Piekarskiej)

September 12
OUR LADY of PIEKARY
In the Archdiocese of Katowice:
Patron Saint of the archdiocese – Solemnity

The image of the Blessed Virgin Mary has been venerated in Piekary ever since the 15th century. In 1703 during the Northern war the image was taken to Opole and a copy was placed in Piekary, where it started to be worshipped. In the 19th century Piekary became the centre of the renewal of religious life in Silesia. The image was crowned 1925, and Pope John XXIII made Our Lady of Piekary patroness saint of the Diocese of Katowice.

Common of the Blessed Virgin Mary, except:

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August 26, Our Lady of Częstochowa (Najświętszej Maryi Panny Częstochowskiej)

August 26
OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
Solemnity

Ladislaus, a prince of Opole, built a Pauline monastery on Jasna Góra and entrusted them with an image of Virgin Mary, venerated in his castle. Soon the image became famous for miracles. Its eminence increased after the defence of Jasna Góra against Swedes. In 1717 the image was ceremoniously crowned and Jasna Góra became the main centre of Marian cult in Poland.

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August 14, St Maximilian (Maksymilian) Maria Kolbe

August 14
(In the Archdiocese of Gdańsk: August 12)
SAINT MAXIMILIAN MARIA KOLBE, PRESBYTER AND MARTYR
Obligatory memorial

Maximilian Maria Kolbe was born in Zduńska Wola in 1894. He became a Franciscan friar and was ordained in 1918. A zealous advocate of the Blessed Virgin, he founded an association called the Militia Immaculata and set up publishing houses in Poland and Japan. In 1941 he was placed in the concentration camp in Oświęcim by Germans, where he became known as a paragon of patience. He voluntarily accepted death in a starvation bunker instead of a fellow prisoner. He died on 14 August 1941, finished off with an injection.

Common of One Martyr, or of Missionaries, except:

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August 13, Our Lady of Kalwaria (Najświętszej Maryi Panny Kalwaryjskiej)

August 13
OUR LADY of KALWARIA
In the Archdiocese of Kraków – Feast
In Kalwaria Zebrzydowska – Solemnity

In 1602 the Kraków Voivode Mikołaj Zebrzydowski founded a sanctuary comprising a group of churches and chapels dedicated to Christ’s Passion. People reflect upon Stations of the Cross there, as well as the mysteries of the Sorrowful Mother’s co-suffering and her dormition and assumption. Since 1641 in Kalwaria Zebrzydowska there has been a highly revered painting of the Sorrowful Mother. It was crowned ceremoniously in 1887 by Cardinal Dunajewski.

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July 12, St Bruno Boniface of Querfurt (Bruno Bonifacy z Kwerfurtu)

July 12
SAINT BRUNO BONIFACE of QUERFURT
Obligatory memorial
In the Diocese of Łomża: Primary Patron Saint of the diocese – Solemnity

In his youth, Bruno, born in a German noble family in 974, was a chaplain of emperor Otto III. In 998 he entered the Benedictines in Rome and changed name to Boniface. He started to live in a hermitage of St Romuald at Pereum near Ravenna. Sent by Sylvester II to lead the mission into Prussia, he was appointed bishop on Magdeburg. In 1008 he reached Prussia but a year later he died as a martyr along 18 companions in the territory of Yotvingians. He is the author of “The Life of Saint Adalbert,” “The Life of Five Brethren Martyrs,” and “The Letter to Emperor Henry II,” in which he fervently protected Poland.

Common of One Martyr, or of Pastors, except:

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