Tag Archives: obligatory memorial

November 14, Bl Mary Louise (Maria Luiza) Merkert

November 14
In the Diocese of Opole
BLESSED MARY LOUISE MERKERT, VIRGIN
Obligatory memorial
In the Archdioceses of Katowice and Wrocław – Optional memorial

Mary Louise (Maria Luiza) was born on 21 September 1817 in Nysa in the Opole Silesia region. In 1842 along with three inhabitants of Nysa, she founded the Congregation, whose main aim was to care for the sick and deserted in their own houses. She was known for her love for God and neighbours, great mercy toward the sick, poor, deserted and orphaned, in whom she saw the face of Christ. She focused her internal life on the prayer and devotion to the Eucharist, the Sacred Heart, Virgin Mary and Saint Elizabeth of Hungary, whom she chose as a patron saint the Congregation. She sensibly and fairly guided the Congregation of the Sisters of Saint Elizabeth for 22 years. Exhausted with toils and illnesses, she died in the odour of sanctity on 14 November 1872.

Common of Virgins.

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November 13, Sts Benedict, John, Matthew, Isaac and Christian (Benedykt, Jan, Mateusz, Izaak i Krystyn)

November 13
SAINTS BENEDICT, JOHN, MATTHEW, ISAAC AND CHRISTIAN,
THE FIRST POLISH MARTYRS
Obligatory memorial
In the Diocese of Zielona Góra-Gorzów:
Patron saints of the diocese – Feast

Benedict and John were Benedictine hermits, who arrived in Poland from Italy at Boleslaus the Brave’s invitation and settled in Międzyrzec, near the mouth of the river Obra flowing into the Warta. There they prepared for their missionary work. Soon three more Polish men joined them – two novices, Matthew and Isaac and a cook, Christian. In the night of 10 and 11 November 1003 the monks were attacked by rogues and murdered. When Saint Bruno of Querfurt appeared in Poland, the cult of Martyrs had been widespread. He described their lives in a work entitled “The Life of Five Brothers.” They became the first Polish martyrs to be raised to the altars of sainthood.

Common of Several Martyrs, except:

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October 25, The Translation of St Adalbert’s Relics (Przeniesienie Relikwii św. Wojciecha)

October 25
In the Archdiocese of Gniezno
The TRANSLATION of ST ADALBERT’S RELICS
Obligatory memorial

The memorial of the Translation of St Adalbert’s (the first patron of Poland) Relics was reintroduced in 2000. It was initially established as early as the 12th century. It commemorates the translation of the relics from the saint’s tomb to the altar of the archcathedral in Gniezno.
Respective texts from 23 April, except:

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October 24, Bl John Adalbert (Jan Wojciech) Balicki

October 24
In the Archdiocese of Przemyśl
BLESSED JOHN ADALBERT BALICKI, PRESBYTER
Obligatory memorial

John Adalbert (Jan Wojciech) Balicki was born in Staromieście near Rzeszów on 25 January 1869. He entered the seminary in Przemyśl, where he was ordained on 20 July 1892. He was a fervent lecturer, tutor and finally the rector of the Przemyśl Seminary. He was famous as a confessor, spiritual director and, above all, a man of prayer and paragon of humility. He died on 15 March 1948 in Przemyśl. He was beatified by John Paul II in Kraków on 18 August 2002.

Common of Pastors.

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October 22, St John Paul II (Jan Paweł II)

October 22
SAINT JOHN PAUL II, POPE
Obligatory memorial

Karol Józef Wojtyła was born in 1920 in Wadowice. Ordained in Kraków, he went on to study theology in Rome. Upon returning to Poland, he performed various pastoral and academic duties. Consecrated auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of Kraków, he became its Metropolitan Archbishop in 1964. He participated in the works of the Second Vatican Council. On 16 October 1978 he was elected pope and chose the name John Paul II. As a zealous pastor he cared about people, above all families, and the young and sick. He made numerous apostolic journeys to the most distant corners of the world. The special fruit of his spirituality are: rich magisterium, as well as the promulgation of the Catechism of the Catholic Church and the canon law of the Roman and Eastern Churches. He died in Rome on 2 April 2005, on the eve of Divine Mercy Sunday.

Common of Pastors.

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October 21, Bl James Strepa (Jakub Strzemię)

October 21
BLESSED JAMES STREPA, BISHOP
Obligatory memorial

James (Jakub) was born about 1340. At a young age, he entered the Order of Franciscans and became known as a zealous missionary of Eastern Borderlands. In 1391 he became Archbishop of Halicz-Lviv. He had a special devotion to the Blessed Sacrament and the Blessed Virgin. He died on 20 October 1409.

Common of Pastors.

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October 20, St John Cantius (Jan Kanty or Jan z Kęt)

October 20
SAINT JOHN CANTIUS, PRESBYTER
Obligatory memorial
In the Archdiocese of Kraków:
Primary patron saint of the archdiocese – Solemnity

John (Jan) was born in Kęty in 1390. He studied at the Jagiellonian University in Kraków, finally becoming its professor of theology. He was known for his mercy for the poor. He died in Kraków on 24 December 1473.

Common of Pastors, except:

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October 16, St Hedwig of Silesia (Jadwiga Śląska)

October 16
SAINT HEDWIG of SILESIA
Obligatory memorial
In the Metropolitan Archdioceses of Upper-Silesia and Wrocław:
Major patron saint of Silesia and the Archdiocese of Wrocław – Solemnity

Hedwig (Jadwiga) was born in Bavaria about 1174. At 13, she married Prince Henry the Bearded, with whom she later had seven children. She served the poor and sick, for whom she founded hospitals. After her husband’s death she took shelter in the convent in Trzebnica, where she died on 15 October 1243.

Common of Holy Women Who Worked for the Underprivileged, except:

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October 14, Bl Radim Gaudentius (Radzim Gaudenty)

October 14
BLESSED RADIM GAUDENTIUS, BISHOP
In the Archdiocese of Gniezno – Obligatory memorial

Gaudentius (Gaudenty), Saint Adalbert’s half-brother, was born about 960. He had led a monastic life in the Benedictine Abbey on the Aventine Hill in Rome. He accompanied Saint Adalbert on his mission in Prussia and witnessed his martyr’s death. In the autumn of 999 he was anointed bishop and in 1000 he assumed the Gniezno Bishopric. He died in the beginnings of the 11th century.

Common of Pastors.

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October 13, Bl Honoratus (Honorat) Koźmiński

October 13
BLESSED HONORATUS KOŹMIŃSKI, PRESBYTER
Obligatory memorial
In the Diocese of Łowicz: Primary patron saint of the diocese – Solemnity

Honoratus (Honorat) Koźmiński was born on 16 October 1826 in Biała Podlaska. In 1848 he joined the Order of Capuchins in Warsaw and in 1852 he was ordained. He was a famous preacher, and a sought-after confessor and spiritual director, as well as a popular religious writer. He founded a number of congregations, primarily in which members did not wear habits. Throughout his life he endeavoured to show people God’s love for man. He died in Nowe Miasto nad Pilicą on 16 December 1926.

Common of Pastors.

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