Tag Archives: office of readings

November 16, Wrocław Archcathedral

November 16
In the Archdiocese of Wrocław
The DEDICATION of the ARCHCATHEDRAL in WROCŁAW
Feast
In the Archcathedral – Solemnity

The Diocese of Wrocław was created in 1000 during the reign of Boleslaus the Brave and was the suffragan of the Province of Gniezno. Its first cathedral was the wooden church by the Oder River which got destroyed during the times of the return of paganism after the Boleslaus’s death. In the middle of the 12th century Bishop Walter began building the new cathedral. It was the stone temple modelled after the ancient Roman basilicas. The foundations of the third, Gothic church were laid by Bishop Tomasz I, and its consecration was performed by Bishop Tomasz II. Further works were carried out by Bishop Nankier. This God’s house was destroyed at the end of World War II. The renovated temple was consecrated by Stefan Wyszyński, Primate of Poland, in 1951.

Common of the Dedication of a Church.

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November 16, Our Lady of Ostra Brama, Mother of Mercy (Najświętszej Maryi Panny Ostrobramskiej, Matki Miłosierdzia)

November 16
OUR LADY of OSTRA BRAMA,
MOTHER of MERCY
In the Archdiocese of Białystok:
Primary patron saint of the archdiocese – Solemnity
In the Archdiocese of Warmia and the Dioceses of Drohiczyn, Ełk and Łomża – Feast
In the Archdiocese of Warszawa and the Diocese of Warszawa-Praga – Obligatory memorial

An image of the Blessed Virgin Mary has been venerated in the Ostra Brama n Vilnius since the 16th century. When the original picture had got damaged, it was replaced with a new one which soon became known for its graces and was crowned in 1927. Its copy has been revered in the Białystok Cathedral.

Common of the Blessed Virgin Mary, except:

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November 14, Bl Mary Louise (Maria Luiza) Merkert

November 14
In the Diocese of Opole
BLESSED MARY LOUISE MERKERT, VIRGIN
Obligatory memorial
In the Archdioceses of Katowice and Wrocław – Optional memorial

Mary Louise (Maria Luiza) was born on 21 September 1817 in Nysa in the Opole Silesia region. In 1842 along with three inhabitants of Nysa, she founded the Congregation, whose main aim was to care for the sick and deserted in their own houses. She was known for her love for God and neighbours, great mercy toward the sick, poor, deserted and orphaned, in whom she saw the face of Christ. She focused her internal life on the prayer and devotion to the Eucharist, the Sacred Heart, Virgin Mary and Saint Elizabeth of Hungary, whom she chose as a patron saint the Congregation. She sensibly and fairly guided the Congregation of the Sisters of Saint Elizabeth for 22 years. Exhausted with toils and illnesses, she died in the odour of sanctity on 14 November 1872.

Common of Virgins.

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November 13, Sts Benedict, John, Matthew, Isaac and Christian (Benedykt, Jan, Mateusz, Izaak i Krystyn)

November 13
SAINTS BENEDICT, JOHN, MATTHEW, ISAAC AND CHRISTIAN,
THE FIRST POLISH MARTYRS
Obligatory memorial
In the Diocese of Zielona Góra-Gorzów:
Patron saints of the diocese – Feast

Benedict and John were Benedictine hermits, who arrived in Poland from Italy at Boleslaus the Brave’s invitation and settled in Międzyrzec, near the mouth of the river Obra flowing into the Warta. There they prepared for their missionary work. Soon three more Polish men joined them – two novices, Matthew and Isaac and a cook, Christian. In the night of 10 and 11 November 1003 the monks were attacked by rogues and murdered. When Saint Bruno of Querfurt appeared in Poland, the cult of Martyrs had been widespread. He described their lives in a work entitled “The Life of Five Brothers.” They became the first Polish martyrs to be raised to the altars of sainthood.

Common of Several Martyrs, except:

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November 12, St Josaphat (Jozafat)

November 12
SAINT JOSAPHAT, BISHOP AND MARTYR
Obligatory memorial

Josaphat (Jozafat) Kuncewicz was born in Włodzimierz Wołyński about 1580 of Orthodox parents. He converted to the Catholic faith and entered the Basilian Order. With time, he became a priest and Archbishop of Połock. He developed a zealous missionary work. He died as a martyr in Witebsk on 12 November 1623.

Common of One Martyr, or of Pastors.

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October 24, Bl John Adalbert (Jan Wojciech) Balicki

October 24
In the Archdiocese of Przemyśl
BLESSED JOHN ADALBERT BALICKI, PRESBYTER
Obligatory memorial

John Adalbert (Jan Wojciech) Balicki was born in Staromieście near Rzeszów on 25 January 1869. He entered the seminary in Przemyśl, where he was ordained on 20 July 1892. He was a fervent lecturer, tutor and finally the rector of the Przemyśl Seminary. He was famous as a confessor, spiritual director and, above all, a man of prayer and paragon of humility. He died on 15 March 1948 in Przemyśl. He was beatified by John Paul II in Kraków on 18 August 2002.

Common of Pastors.

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October 23, St Joseph (Józef) Bilczewski

October 23
SAINT JOSEPH BILCZEWSKI, BISHOP
Optional memorial

Joseph (Józef) Bilczewski was born in 1860 in Wilamowice, near Bielsko-Biała. He was ordained in 1884. After graduating in Kraków, Vienna, Rome and Paris, he worked as a teacher in Kęty and Kraków. In 1891 he became a professor of dogmatic theology at the Lviv University, and in 1900 an ordinary of the Archdiocese of Lviv. He obtained the allowance from Pope Pius X for celebrating the feast of the Queen of Poland in his archdiocese, which was later expended over other dioceses. He published books and articles as a social activist. He toned down national conflicts in the archdiocese. He died in 1923 in Lviv.

Common of Pastors.

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October 22, St John Paul II (Jan Paweł II)

October 22
SAINT JOHN PAUL II, POPE
Obligatory memorial

Karol Józef Wojtyła was born in 1920 in Wadowice. Ordained in Kraków, he went on to study theology in Rome. Upon returning to Poland, he performed various pastoral and academic duties. Consecrated auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of Kraków, he became its Metropolitan Archbishop in 1964. He participated in the works of the Second Vatican Council. On 16 October 1978 he was elected pope and chose the name John Paul II. As a zealous pastor he cared about people, above all families, and the young and sick. He made numerous apostolic journeys to the most distant corners of the world. The special fruit of his spirituality are: rich magisterium, as well as the promulgation of the Catechism of the Catholic Church and the canon law of the Roman and Eastern Churches. He died in Rome on 2 April 2005, on the eve of Divine Mercy Sunday.

Common of Pastors.

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October 21, Bl James Strepa (Jakub Strzemię)

October 21
BLESSED JAMES STREPA, BISHOP
Obligatory memorial

James (Jakub) was born about 1340. At a young age, he entered the Order of Franciscans and became known as a zealous missionary of Eastern Borderlands. In 1391 he became Archbishop of Halicz-Lviv. He had a special devotion to the Blessed Sacrament and the Blessed Virgin. He died on 20 October 1409.

Common of Pastors.

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October 20, St John Cantius (Jan Kanty or Jan z Kęt)

October 20
SAINT JOHN CANTIUS, PRESBYTER
Obligatory memorial
In the Archdiocese of Kraków:
Primary patron saint of the archdiocese – Solemnity

John (Jan) was born in Kęty in 1390. He studied at the Jagiellonian University in Kraków, finally becoming its professor of theology. He was known for his mercy for the poor. He died in Kraków on 24 December 1473.

Common of Pastors, except:

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